Transmission electron microscopy of Panc-1 cells treated with 67 μM/L gold nanoparticles. Panel 1: 2 minutes of external radiofrequency (RF) field treatment. Note loss of nuclear stability and prominent vacuolization. Panel 2: No RF treatment. Nuclear integrity and normal appearing organelles.
Gannon et al. Journal of Nanobiotechnology 2008 6:2 doi:10.1186/1477-3155-6-2